Wu Guosheng | British Science and Technology History Tour2018-04-26 02:00:08 362 ℃
The author Wu Guosheng ( Editor-in-Chief of this book, Professor of History of Science, Tsinghua University)
Responsible editor Xu Jiajun Liu Yu
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2014 On April 9th, Beijing, which had a lot of haze, came to London, where Tianqing was very prosperous. It began a 14-day study tour of British technology venues. In the next half month, at least one museum a day has a huge amount of information and huge physical exertion. Here's a lightly narrated narrative. Details will be written later.
The Rusking Hotel is a night away from the British Museum. On the 10th, due to the time difference, we should walk to visit Westminster Abbey. This is Britain's Panchen Monastery, where many British great men were buried. Unfortunately, photography is not allowed. The way of burial is basically buried under the floor, and then a stone tablet is placed on the floor flat. I am very concerned about the scientists who are staying here. The highest status of the highest treatment should be Newton, in addition to Darwin, Maxwell, astronomer Herschel and his son, geologist Lehr, physicist Kelvin, Dirac, engineer Watt, Smithton and so on.
● Westminster North Gate
Watch Westminster and return to the British Museum.
There are too many British Museum treasures to show a Babylonian Venus observation record Mud board.
There is also the more famous Rosetta Stone monument in Egypt.
< p> On the morning of April 11th, I looked up at the British Library (close to the place of residence) and the door was not opened. This time is tight and there are no plans to go into the library and do a few things.
For the purpose of my visit, the British Museum's clock and enlightenment halls are of more value.
Today's plan is to visit the Science Museum in London. The door has not been opened yet.
Science Museum Among the most scientific historical values is the Steam Power Hall, with many physical objects and detailed narratives.
After reading the Science Museum, he simply visited the geology museum next door to the Natural Museum, opposite the Science Museum and the Nature Museum, where Victor and the Victoria Museum were located. Most of the museum's collections are natural museums and science museums, but after These collections have been transferred to the Kobo Hall and the Museum of the People’s Republic of China. The Museum has become a museum dedicated to the collection of artworks.
On April 12th, visit the Greenwich Observatory. It's too early to visit the London Maritime Museum first.
Then visit a built in a The Greenwich Observatory on the top of the hill.
Ranked for a while The team took a picture of the prime meridian marker and shouted and looked back to see if it was Mrs.Shao Binhong. She is also waiting in line to take pictures.
On April 13th to the countryside in southwest London The village went to see the former residence of Darwin. This is Darwin's study. The Origin of Species is written here.
●Town House Exterior
Leaver London left for Cambridge on April 14th. The first stop is to visit the Cambridge Whipple Museum of Science History. The museum is in the same building as the Cambridge Department of History and Philosophy of Science. The museum is small and there are only 4 exhibition halls.
Visit the Whirlpool Museum of Science and History to Cambridge Walk around. Trinity College took a picture.
On April 15, continue to be in Cambridge. Past students are currently accompanied by Dr. Dong Qiaosheng of the Cambridge Classical PhD. Go to King's College on the road and look at the monument of Xu Zhimo's poem by the sword.
Needham Institute's living room window look out, Lee A statue of Joseph Needham outside the door.
● Photo taken with Prof. Mei Jianjun, the current director of Li.
After reading Li, continue to see the Cambridge Philosophy Department and Cavendish Experiment The original laboratory was next to the Whirlpool Museum of Science History, which had been seen yesterday and is now occupied by some departments of social sciences. Like the other science departments, the new laboratory was moved to West Cambridge. Cavendish An Old Testament passage is written on the door of the lab: "The work of God is great, and all those who love will examine it."
Leaving Cambridge to Newton's hometown early on April 16. The Newton House has now been converted into a museum where spectators can watch videos or in a small science center. Doing some experiments that Newton once did. Here is the apple tree in Newton Manor.
After watching Newton's House, continue northwards York, visit the Railway Museum there. The museum is part of the British National Museum of Science and complements the Science Museum of London.
/>● Photographed in front of the Stephenson locomotive (replica)
After visiting Edinburgh on April 17, visit the former home of Maxwell, where the former residence is now the Maxwell Foundation.The stone wall reads: “Maxwell, a natural philosopher, was born on June 13, 1831. "These old houses have a history of two to three hundred years. The hotel where I stayed is near, the same old building.".
Visit former student Wang Yanna in Edinburgh. He is currently studying for a degree in history at the University of Edinburgh.
On April 18, leave Edinburgh for Glasgow. Visit the Glasgow Science Center.
After visiting the Science Center, enter the Glasgow University campus. Here are the scientific celebrities out of w, Kelvin. Here is the statue of Kelvin.
April 19, Glasgow left for Manchester to visit Manchester Science and Industrial Museum. The city of Manchester is the source of the industrial revolution. The Science and Technology Museum is a very good example of this and is a model for the preservation of industrial heritage. The Science Museum is located in the Manchester-Liverpool Railway Station, the first railroad in the world, and the surrounding buildings. The construction scale is huge, and the collections and exhibits are numerous. There is also a steam train on the original track for tourists performing acts.
On April 20th, leaving Manchester City to Birmingham to visit the Birmingham Science Museum. The other name of the Kobo Museum is thinktank. Half of the science center model is for children to play, and the other half is science and industry.Heritage Museum, the collection is also very rich and spectacular.
Watch the Birmingham Museum of Science and continue driving to Oxford on that day. In order to catch up with the Oxford Museum of Science History, even Shakespeare’s hometown did not stop. When the results arrived, it was discovered that the day was Easter and the Oxford Museum of Science History actually closed. This can be not informed on their homepage in advance! When I was planning, I only knew that the next day (No. 21) was due to close on Monday, so I rushed over and hurryed it out. As a result, I still had a closed door. It was really regrettable. Depressed, he had to go to Oxford's Ashmore Museum. This museum is often translated as the Ashmolean Museum. In fact, Ashmolean comes from the museum’s founder Ashmoole. A gallery is considered the world's first museum, and earlier collections were mainly of the natural sciences. Later, the building and collection of the Ah Museum were transferred to the Museum of Science History. The Ah Museum reopened in the new building and became an art museum.
● Above It is a museum of science history. The building is the site of the ancient Ashmoll Museum, the world’s first museum and the first museum of natural sciences. Unfortunately, it is not considered.
● now The Ashmore Museum
Stayed in Oxford on April 21. My place is on High Street. There is a stone monument on a building wall nearby, with the name of Boyle. A closer look, the original Boyle in 1655-1668I lived here when I was in Oxford. Here, he discovered Boyle's Law and created an air pump with Hooker.
Then visit the Oxford Natural History Museum. This museum has a unique position in the history of science. First, the evolutionary theory of Huxley and Wilberforces in 1860 is here. Second, in 1894 the British physicist Roach showed the basic principles of wireless telegraphy here. After watching the Museum of Nature, visit the adjacent Pitt Rivers Museum. The collection inside is really exquisite and dazzling.
On April 22, bid farewell to Oxford and head to the Sorisbury Plain in the South of England. Visit Stonehenge. After visiting Stonehenge, he drove to London Heathrow Airport, took a taxi and travelled to British Milan to complete the 14-day history of British science and technology and began another scientific journey in Europe.
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